Glossary

Formal volunteering
Formal volunteering is defined by giving unpaid help through groups, clubs or organisations to benefit other people or the environment.

Full-time equivalent (FTE)
The FTE measure reflects the paid human resource available by converting hours worked by part-time staff into the equivalent number of full-time staff.

Private sector
The Labour Force Survey uses the Office for National Statistics definition of the private sector. It includes all those who say that they do work for ‘a private firm or business or limited company’ or who work for a ‘public company, plc’. Within the National Employers Skills Survey it includes all employers who report that their organisation is ‘seeking a profit’.

Public sector
The Labour Force Survey uses the Office for National Statistics definition of the public sector. It includes all those employees who respond that they do not work for ‘a private firm or business or limited company’, ‘public company or, plc’ or a ‘charity, voluntary organisation or trust’. Within the National Employers Skills Survey it includes all employers who report that their organisation is either a ‘local government financed body’ (such as a school, or a body delivering leisure, transport, social care, waste or environmental health services) or a ‘central government financed body’ (such as the Civil Service, any part of the NHS, a college or university, the Armed Services, an Executive Agency or other non-departmental public bodies).

Skills gaps
Skills gaps exist where employers report having employees who are not fully proficient at their job.

Skills shortage vacancies
These are hard to fill vacancies which are the result of a lack of basic or specialist skills, qualifications or experience in the applicants.

Voluntary sector
The Labour Force Survey (LFS) uses the Office for National Statistics definition of the voluntary sector. It includes all those who respond that they work for a ‘charity, voluntary organisation or trust’. It includes employees within charities, voluntary organisations, trusts, private schools and trade unions. It does not include government funded bodies and agencies such as national museums and art galleries.